Perle Fine 1908 —1988

Biography

PERLE FINE 1905 - 1988

" I never thought of myself as a student or teacher, but as a painter. When I paint something I am very much aware of the future. If I feel something will not stand up 40 years from now, I am not interested in doing that kind of thing."
Perle Fine July 18, 1976


Biography

Perle Fine was a renegade!   She was one of the first women to be admitted to the Artist's Club and, considering the social culture of this era, this was no small feat.  By 1949 she already had an enviable exhibition record, which included solo exhibitions at Willard and Betty Parsons in New York and at San Francisco's de Young Museum.

Fine was a long time member of the important American Abstract Artists group (AAA). Her education began in her native Boston before she enrolled at the Art Students League in 1935 and fell under the influence of Piet Mondrian.  In 1939, she began working with Hans Hofmann, both in New York and at his summer school in Provincetown, MA.  Fine broke with Hofmann's theories and sought to find her own, more calm and contemplative mode of expression. 

She studied with Hans Hofmann, Abstract Expressionist, but disagreed with his ideas and searched for her own less explosive mode of expression.  Eventually, she was befriended by Hilla Rebay of the Guggenheim Foundation and with Rebay's influence was the recipient of some of those funds. At the Guggenheim Museum, Fine became a friend of Jackson Pollock, who was working as a guard, and she became one of the earliest supporters of his style of painting, which was then shocking to most viewers.

Fine, a creator of abstract paintings and collages, did work that inspired peace and serenity by using balanced lines and solid shapes on flat surfaces. Fine had her first one-person show in 1945 at the Willard Gallery.  Shows followed annually at the Nierendorf Gallery and Betty Parsons Gallery where she showed along with Jackson Pollock, then the Tanager Gallery one of the era's equivalent of Soho, one of the famous Tenth Street Galleries and finally at Graham Gallery.  Fine's work in the early fifties, incorporated sand and detris in loopy, drippy abstract paintings, mostly in black and white and earth tones.   Very much a NY School Artist, Fine was included in the Whitney Annual Exhibitions throughout the 1950's.  [The Whitney Museum of American Art changed to Bienniale exhibitions in fhe mid-60's].  After 1970 she focused her efforts on a series of spare, elegant geometric works which she called Accordments.

Perle Fine remained active in the arts throughout her life, teaching at Cornell University and Hofstra University.  She had more than 30 solo exhibitions and countless group showings and is represented in numerous museum and private collections.  A museum retrospective and catalog is planned for 2009 at Hofstra University with a traveling exhibition and numerous lectures and workshops.

Works by Perle Fine are several very important American Art Museums including: Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts; Arkansas Art Center, Little Rock; Ball State Museum of Art, Muncie, Indiana; Brandeis University, Waltham, Massachusetts; Brooklyn Museum, New York; Cheekwood Botanical Garden and Museum of Art, Nashville, Tennessee; Corcoran Gallery, Washington, D.C.; Guild Hall, East Hampton, New York; Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York; Hofstra University, Long Island, New York; Indianapolis Museum of Art; Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute, Utica, New York; National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; New York University Art Collection; Parrish Art Museum, Southampton, New York; Principia College, Saint Louis, Missouri; Provincetown Art Association and Museum, Massachusetts; Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey; Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts; Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; University of California Art Museum, Berkeley; University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Weatherspoon Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Greensboro; and Worcester Art Museum, Massachusetts.

An important source for modern and contemporary American & European Art in East Hampton, New York & worldwide, Janet Lehr Fine Arts' spectacular wide-ranging inventory consists of unique paintings, drawings, large & small scale sculpture, monotypes, prints and photographs  by Ansel Adams, Milton Avery, Richard Avedon, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Romare Bearden, Fernando Botero, Cartier-Bresson, Marc Chagall, Alvin Langdon Coburn, Willem De Kooning, Richard Diebenkorn, Thomas Eakins, Childe Hassam, David Hockney, Winslow Homer, Wolf Kahn, Jeff Koons, Fernand Leger, Roy Lichtenstein, Man Ray, Thomas Moran, Henry Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Jackson Pollock, Robert Rauschenberg, Mark Rothko, Cindy Sherman, Charles Sheeler, Bert Stern, Alfred Stieglitz, Andy Warhol, Carleton E Watkins, Tom Wesselmann and Andrew Wyeth.

To bookmark Janet Lehr Fine Arts Gallery website: http://www.janetlehrfinearts.com

View synoptic biography below.

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SYNOPTIC BIOGRAPHY



ONE PERSON EXHIBITIONS

1945 Marian Willard Gallery, New York
1946 M. H. de Young Memorial Museum, San Francisco NY
     Nierendorf Gallery, New York
1947 Nierendorf Gallery, New York
1948 Nierendorf Gallery, New York
1949 Betty Parsons Gallery, New York
1950 Betty Parsons Gallery, New York
1951 Betty Parsons Gallery, New York
1952 Betty Parsons Gallery, New York
1955 Tanager Gallery, New York
1958 Tanager Gallery, New York
1959 Tanager Gallery, New York
1960 Tanager Gallery, New York
1961 Graham Gallery, New York
1963 Graham Gallery, New York
1964 Graham Gallery, New York
1967 Graham Gallery, New York
1970 Bykert Gallery, Studio Show, New York
1974 Emily Lowe Gallery, Hofstra University Museum of Art, 10 Year Retrospective
     The Benson Gallery, Bridgehampton NY
1976 Tower Gallery, Southampton NY  July - August, 1976
1977 Andre Zarre Gallery, East Hampton NY
1978 Perle Fine: Major Works-1954-1978 Guild Hall Museum and Art Center, East Hampton NY
1982 Ingber Gallery, New York
1984 Ingber Gallery, New York
1986 Ingber Gallery, New York
1997 Perle Fine: Paintings and Works on Paper 1946-1961 Vered Gallery, East Hampton NY May 31 - June 19, 1997
     Hirshl and Adler, New York NY Perle Fine: Works on Paper Sept 23 to October 29,  



GROUP EXHIBITIONS:


1935 American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1936 American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1938 American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1939 American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1940 American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1941 American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1942 American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1943 Peggy Guggenheim Gallery - Art of This Century, New York
     Museum of Non-Objective Painting, Solomon R Guggenheim Foundation, New York
     American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1944 Peggy Guggenheim Gallery - Art of This Century, New York May 27 - ? 1944
     Museum of Non-Objective Painting, Solomon R Guggenheim Foundation, New York
     Museum of Modern Art, New York
     American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1945 Museum of Non-Objective Painting, Solomon R Guggenheim Foundation, New York
     American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
1946 Provincetown Art Association, Provincetown MA
     National Academy Galleries, New York
     American Abstract Artists Annual, New York
     Atelier 17, New York  Print Show Perle Fine and Alice Trumbull Mason November 12 - December 3, 1946
     The 31st Annual Exhibition of the Society of American Etchers, New York November 12 - December 3, 1946  
1947 Whitney Museum of American Art, New York Annual Exhibition  
     Wittenborn, Schultz; New York  Summer  A Catalogue of Original Prints                   
     Re'alites Nouvelles, Paris
     Watkins Gallery, American University, Washington DC
1948 Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond VA
     American Federation of Arts, New York
1949 Institute of Contemporary Art
     Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton MA
     Whitney Museum of American Art, New York Annual Exhibition
     Provincetown Art Museum, Provincetown MA
1950 Riverside Museum, New York
     9th Street Show, New York
     Re'alites Nouvelles, Paris
1951 Riverside Museum, New York
     University of North Carolina, Durham NC
     University of Illinois, Bloomington NY
     Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles CA
     Stable Gallery, New York Annual
1952 Stable Gallery, New York Annual
     Wittenborn An Exhibition of Lithographs by Perle Fine November 17 - December 6, 1952
1953 Stable Gallery, New York Annual
     Brooklyn Museum, New York Annual
     Solomon R Guggenheim Museum, New York
     Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors
1954 Stable Gallery Annual
     Whitney Museum of American Art, New York Annual Exhibition
1955 Stable Gallery, New York Annual
     Riverside Museum, New York
     Brooklyn Museum, New York  Ninth Annual Print Exhibition April
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     American Federation of Arts, New York
1956 Riverside Museum, New York
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     New York City Center Gallery
1957 Krashaar Gallery, New York The exhibition held under the auspices of the American     Federation of Arts May 20 - June 7, 1957
1958 Whitney Museum of American Art, New York Annual Exhibition
     Signa Gallery, East Hampton NY
     New York City Center Gallery
1959 Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     Signa Gallery, East Hampton NY
1960 Brooklyn Museum, New York Annual
     Signa Gallery, East Hampton NY
1961 Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia PA
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     Whitney Museum of American Art, New York Annual Exhibition
     The Museum of Modern Art, New York
1962 I. B. M. Gallery, New York
     My Holyoke College Art Museum, MA
     Whitman Gallery of Art, Hofstra University, NY
     American Federation of Arts, New York
1963 Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     Institute of Contemporary Art
     East Hampton Gallery, New York
1964 Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia PA
     American Federation of Arts,  New York
     Riverside Museum, New York
     The Parrish Art Museum, Southampton NY
     The Newark Museum, Newark NJ
     The Gallery of Modern Art
     Southampton College, Southampton NY
1966 Riverside Museum, New York
1967 Riverside Museum, New York
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia PA
     Southampton College, Southampton NY
1968 Riverside Museum, New York
     The Museum of Modern Art, New York
     Southampton College, Southampton NY
     Brooklyn Museum, New York Annual
1969 Brooklyn Museum, New York Annual
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     The Parrish Art Museum, Southampton NY
     Southampton College, Southampton NY
     Emily Lowe Gallery, Hofstra University, NY
1970 Heckscher Museum, Huntington NY
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
1971 Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
1972 Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee WI
1973 New York University, New York
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
State University of New York, Binghampton NY
1974 Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     Pratt Institute, New York
1975 Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     Pratt Institute, New York
1976 Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
     Pratt Institute, New York
1978 Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition September 23 - October 29, 1978
1979 American Cultural Center, Paris
     Provincetown Art Association, Provincetown MA
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
1981 New Jersey State Museum, Trenton NJ
1982 Rutgers University, New Brunswick NJ
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
1985 Weatherspoon Gallery, University of North Carolina, Durham NC
1986 Vered Gallery, East Hampton NY Abstract Expressionist Drawings: 1945-1960 August, 1986
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
1989 Parrish Art Museum, Southampton NY
1990 Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Annual Members Exhibition
1997 Mishkin Gallery, Baruch College, New York NY Women and Abstract Expressionism: Painting and Sculpture, 1945-1959
     Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY Women and Abstract Expressionism: Painting and Sculpture, 1945-1959  May 10 - June 15, 1997
     Vered Gallery, East Hampton NY  Perle Fine: Paintings and Works on Paper 1940-1961 May 31 - June 19, 1997
     Hirshl and Adler, New York NY Works on Paper  May 6 - 30, 1997


PUBLIC COLLECTIONS:

    
Brandeis University, Waltham MA
The Brooklyn Museum, New York NY
Cheekwood Museum of Art, Nashville TN
Corcoran Gallery, Washington DC
University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley CA
Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center, East Hampton NY
Solomon R Guggenheim Museum, New York NY
Hofstra University, NY
University of Illinois, Bloomington IN
Los Angeles County Museum, Los Angeles CA
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York NY
Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica NY
The National Museum of American Art, Washington DC
New York University Art Collection, New York NY
University of North Carolina, Durham NC
Parrish Museum, Southampton NY
Rutgers University, New Brunswick NJ
Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton MA
Smithsonian Institute, Washington DC
Westinghouse Corporation
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York NY



PRIVATE COLLECTIONS:
   
Mr and Mrs Fred Weisman, Los Angeles CA
Mr and Mrs Burton Tremaine, CT
Mr Bartlett Hamilton Hayes
Mrs Eleanor Saidenberg, New York NY
Dr. Victor Zimler
Douglas Simon
Walter Gutman
Eugene Bernard
Irving Sandler, New York NY
Miss Marion Willard, New York NY
Westinghouse Corporation
Eloise Spaeth Collection, New York NY
Mr Ben Heller, New York NY
Mr and Mrs Harold Rosenberg, New York NY
Mr and Mrs Michael Braude, East Hampton NY
Mrs Eleanor Hempstead
Miss Katherine Ordway
Mr and Mrs Julian Eisenstein
Mr Marvin Sweet
Mr and Mrs Samuel Parsons
Dr and Mrs John Hopkins
Mr and Mrs William Mills
Mrs Dorothy Patten
Mr and Mrs Bertrand Lanchner
Mr and Mrs Calvin Trillin
Mr Robert Keim
Mr William Fitelson
Mr and Mrs Verne Williams, Janesville WI
Miss Ellen Sragow
Mr Peter Selz
Dr and Mrs Sussman
Mr Eliot Hyman
Dr and Mrs Harold Wattel
Mr Edward Fenesch, Baltimore MD
Dr Alfred Berl
Mr Peyton S Kulman



PUBLICATIONS:

American Abstract Artists - All publications
Rosenberg, Harold: The Anxious Object
Die Neue Abstraktion (Das Kunstwerk)
Hitchcock, Henry-Russell: Painting Toward Architecture
The New Iconograph
Who's Who in American Art
Who's Who in the East
Who's Who in American Women
International Who's Who in Art and Antiques
University of Illinois: Contemporary American Painting
Monograph in Arts and Architecture
Art News Annual 1961, article on 10th Street
Baur, John: Nature in Abstraction
Seuphor, Michel: Dictionary of Abstract Art
The World of Abstract Art
Paris Review Issue #21  Spring - Summer 1959 IT IS
Leepa, Professor Allen: Challenge of Modern Art
Art D'Aujourd hui
Hayes, Bartlett Hamilton: The Laymen's Guide to Modern Art
Women in American Art
Faulkner, Professor Ray: Art Today
Hall, Lee: Betty Parsons-Artist, Dealer, Collector
Rose, Barbara: American Art Since...
Shapiro, David and Cecile: Abstract Expressionism-A Critical Record
Whipple, Enez: Guild Hall Museum and Arts Center An American in Arts
Harold, M: Prize Winning Painting
Ashton, Dory: The New York School Cultural Reckoning
Collins, JL: Women Artists in America
Rubenstein, Charlotta: American Women Artists
Russo, Alexander: Profiles on Women Artists
Schwartz, Theresa
Lukach, Joan: In Search of the Spirit in Art

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