David Smith 1906 —1965

1906 —1965

Biography

The conflict for realization is what makes art, not its certainty, its technique, or material. I do not look for total success. If a part is successful, the rest clumsy or incomplete, I can still call it finished, if I've said anything new, by finding any relationship which I might call an origin.
__ David Smith, Excerpt from speech given on April 17, 1959, at Ohio University, Athens, Ohio.


For Smith, two-dimensional drawing was an integral part of the process of making three-dimensional sculpture; the two mediums often fed off each other. In the late fifties, Smith made hundreds of expressionist drawings on his farm in Bolton Landing, including the present picture. These drawings are characterized by their aggressive bursts of brushstrokes charged with energy and movement that echo his painted steel constructions.

 

Smith commented, "Metal possesses little art history, what associations it does possess are those of this century: power, structure, movement, progress, suspension, brutality."


In Untitled, Smith incorporated white paint to allude to "space" separating the overall pattern of colors into distinct sections of green and red. The grouping of green and red recalls the welded and attached sections of his painted sculptures, such as Circles IV, 1962 (see cover of New York Painting and Sculpture, 1940-1970, Metropolitan Museum, 1970).

Many of Smith's sculptures were part of a series of forty-section pieces called "Medals for Dishonor" (1937-40) and "Tank Totem" (1953). His work has been classified into three phases: 1930-1940 when he assimilated European styles; the 1940s when he developed his own personal language and symbolism; and after 1950 when he pursued monumental-size sculptures.

 

Biography

One of America's best known sculptors, David Smith was a cutting edge modernist, pioneering in Cubist, Surrealist, and Constructivist sculpture. Inspired by images of Pablo Picasso's welded sculptures, Smith became the first American sculptor to employ welding techniques in sculpture.

He was born in Decatur, Indiana in 1906. In 1921, the family moves to Paulding, Ohio. While still in high school, Smith enrolls in a correspondence course in cartooning offered by the Cleveland Art School and makes illustrations for his high school yearbook. After graduation, he studies for one year at Ohio University in Athens. During summer vacation, he works for the Studebaker automobile factory in South Bend, Indiana, as a riveter; he also does soldering, spot-welding, and works a lathe. He briefly attends Notre Dame University, then takes a job in Studebaker's Finance Agency. He learned machine-shop techniques from working during the summer of 1925 in the Studebaker automobile plant in South Bend, Indiana. Smith is best known for his monumental steel sculptures, many of which resemble factory or farm machinery. By 1926 he decided to study art in New York at the Arts Student League. When he saw reproductions of Picasso's 1928-29 welded-steel sculptures, Smith was so impressed that he made his first constructed steel sculptures by incorporating the welding skills acquired in his earlier factory work.

He moves first to Washington DC and then, in 1926, he moved to New York City and studied at the Art Students League. He meets a young painter, Dorothy Dehner (they marry on December 24, 1927), who is studying at the Art Students League (ASL). Smith enrolls at the ASL, taking evening painting classes with Richard Lahey and Jan Matulka, Czech abstractionist, who was his most influential teacher. Matulka introduces Smith to the works of Mondrian, Picasso, Kandinsky, and the Russian Constructivists. By 1931, Smith was making constructions and welding steel pieces together. Members of the Parisian avant-garde were influential on him, especially John Graham, Stuart Davis, and Arshile Gorky. During the Depression he was part of the Federal Art Project doing murals, and during World War II, he worked in a locomotive and tank factory.

He opened a sculpture studio in the Brooklyn Terminal Iron works and had his first one-man show in 1938 at Marian Willard's East River Gallery. In the summer of 1929, Smith and Dehner visit Bolton Landing, near Lake George in the Adirondack Mountains in upstate New York, where they buy a dilapidated house and barn on eighty-six acres of land. (For the next eleven years, they will spend each summer and autumn at Bolton Landing, then move there permanently in 1940.)

Smith meets John Graham, a Russian émigré, intellectual, and artist. Through Graham, he meets the avant-garde painters Stuart Davis, Jean Xceron, Arshile Gorky, and Willem de Kooning. Smith sees photographs of Picasso's 1928 Project for Sculpture in a 1929 issue of Cahiers d'art and experiments with painting, collage, and reliefs created in an abstract Surrealist style. He becomes increasingly interested in combining constructed forms and painting. From October 1931 to June 1932, Smith and Dehner live in St. Thomas, in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Smith paints, assembles small constructions using pieces of wood, coral, and other found objects, makes his first stone sculpture, and experiments with photography.
When he and Dehner return to Bolton Landing, Smith installs a forge and an anvil in his studio. He makes more constructions from wood, wire, stone, aluminum rod, soldered metal, and "found" materials. He also begins to weld metal sculptures using an oxyacetylene torch; these are probably the first welded metal sculptures made in the United States. John Graham introduces Smith to the work of the Spanish sculptor Julio González, three of whose sculptures, including the forged iron Reclining Woman, c. 1929, Graham had acquired from the Spaniard. (In 1934, Graham gives one of his González works - a small metal relief Head - to Smith).

Smith joins the newly organized American Abstract Artists group and exhibits with them in 1938 and 1939. Deeply troubled by the rise of fascism and inspired by German war medals he saw at the British Museum and by Sumerian seals he studied in Greece, Smith begins work on a series of fifteen (over-sized) bronze medallions he calls Medals for Dishonor (finished and exhibited in 1940).

At Bolton Landing, Smith brings in electricity and builds a cinderblock, open-plan machine shop with a concrete floor to use as his studio. From 1942 to 1944, he lives in Schenectady, New York (near Albany) and works the midnight to 8 a.m. shift, six days a week, for the American Locomotive Company, assembling M7 tanks and locomotives. Sometimes, after work, he drives forty miles to Saratoga, where he learns to carve marble while also working half-days at Saratoga Funeral Monument Yard.

In January 1943, works by Smith are included in a group show, American Sculpture of Our Time, at Willard and Buchholz Galleries, New York. Art critic Clement Greenberg writes in the progressive periodical The Nation about Smith's sculpture Interior, 1937: "If [Smith] is able to maintain the level set in the work he has already done, he has a chance of becoming the greatest of all American artists." In April, Smith has a solo show at Willard Gallery (eighteen sculptures and five drawings from 1939 to 1943). The Museum of Modern Art, New York, purchases its first Smith sculpture, Head, 1938.

Declared unfit for military service, Smith quits his job at the locomotive plant and moves back to Bolton Landing in the summer of 1944 to work full-time on his artwork.

Smith begins his Tanktotem series (ten sculptures, 1953 to 1960). Each Tanktotem incorporates parts of commercial boiler tops that Smith orders from a catalogue. He also explores, with increasing intensity, the formal and expressive qualities of abstract gestural imagery by making drawings using a medium of his own invention: India ink combined with egg yolk.

Art News magazine lists Smith's 1952 solo sculpture exhibition at the Willard-Kleeman Gallery as one of the ten best shows of that year. In April 1953, while teaching at the University of Arkansas, he marries Jean Freas. Six sculptures by Smith are included in Douze peintres et sculpteurs américan contemporains, organized by The Museum of Modern Art, New York, and circulated in France, Switzerland, Germany, Sweden, Finland, and Norway.

In the 1940s and 1950s he had thirty-five solo shows, including a 1957 retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, as well as group exhibitions in the United States and Europe.

Smith is invited by the Italian government to make two sculptures for exhibition in Spoleto during the Fourth Festival of Two Worlds in June 1962. He is offered as his studio a decommissioned Italsider steel factory in Voltri outside Spoleto and provided with a team of steel workers as his assistants. With these resources, Smith makes twenty-seven sculptures in thirty days, using the tools, machines, objects, and materials he found in the Italsider factory. Before returning to Bolton Landing, Smith arranges to have material from the factory shipped to New York. Upon his return, he begins his Voltri-Bolton series (twenty-five sculptures, 1962 to 1963).

In 1962, he also creates the Circle series (highly simplified, large-scale, polychromed, steel geometric sculptures) and the Primo Pianos, three monumental, planar steel sculptures painted white. Smith also continues to expand his practice of photographing individual sculptures and the increasingly complex installations of his works at Bolton Landing to create two-dimensional images that simultaneously document and reinvent their subjects.

David Smith died in 1965.

Museum and Public Collections

Works by David Smith are in the following public collections among others: Addison Gallery of American Art; Akron Art Museum; Albright Knox Art Gallery; Allen Memorial Art Museum; Arkansas Arts Center; Art Institute of Chicago; Armand Hammer Museum of Art And Cultural Center; Art Gallery of Ontario. Toronto, Ontario. Canada; Baltimore Museum of Art; Berkeley Art Museum; British Museum ; Brooklyn Museum of Art; Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh/Carnegie; Chazen Museum of Art, University of Wisconsin; Chrysler Museum of Art; Cincinnati Art Museum; Cleveland Museum of Art; ; Columbus Museum of Art; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.; Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art; Cummer Museum Of Art & Gardens. Jacksonville, Florida; Dallas Museum of Art; Dayton Art Institute. Dayton, Ohio; Des Moines Art Center. Des Moines, Iowa; Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, Michigan; Ecole nationale supérieure des beaux-arts. Paris, France; Emerson Gallery, Hamilton College. Clinton, NY; Fine Arts Museums Of San Francisco. San Francisco, CA; Fort Wayne Museum of Art. Fort Wayne, IN; Franklin D. Murphy Sculpture Garden, University of California, Los Angelos CA; Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum, University of Minnesota MN; Fresno Art Museum. Fresno, CA; Galleria Civica d'Arte Moderna di Spoleto ITALY; Governor Nelson A. Rockefeller Empire State Plaza Art; Collection. Albany NY; Hara Museum of Contemporary Art. Tokyo, Japan; Harvard University Art Museums, Fogg Museum. Cambridge, MA; Hirshhorn Museum And Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC; Honolulu Academy of Arts. Honolulu, Hawaii; Hood Museum of Art, Dartmouth College. Hanover, NH; Indiana University Art Museum. Bloomington IN; Indianapolis Museum Of Art. Indianapolis IN; Instituto Valenciano de Arte Moderno, Centre Julio González. Valencia, Spain; Israel Museum. Jerusalem, Israel; Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art. Chiba, Japan; Kemper Museum Of Contemporary Art. Kansas City MO; Kykuit, National Trust for Historic Preservation. Sleepy Hollow NY; Leeum, Samsung Museum of Art. Seoul, Korea (South); Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. New York, NY; Los Angeles County Museum Of Art. Los Angeles, CA; McNay Art Museum. San Antonio, TX; Meadows Museum, Southern Methodist University. Dallas TX; Memorial Art Gallery, University of Rochester. Rochester NY; Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, NY; Milwaukee Art Museum. Milwaukee, WI; Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth. Fort Worth, TX; The Museum of Modern Art. NY; Montclair Art Museum. Montclair NJ; Munson-Williams-Proctor Arts Institute. Utica NY; Museo Tamayo Arte Contemporaneo. Mexico City, Mexico; Museum Ludwig. Cologne, Germany; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles CA; Museum of Fine Arts - Boston MA; Nasher Sculpture Center. Dallas TX; National Gallery of Art. Washington, DC; National Gallery of Australia. Canberra, Australia; National Gallery of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. Canada; Nelson-Atkins Museum Of Art. Kansas City, Missouri. USA. MO; Neuberger Museum Of Art. Purchase NY; New Orleans Museum of Art. New Orleans LA; Newark Museum. Newark NJ; North Carolina Museum of Art. Raleigh NC; Oklahoma City Museum of Art. Oklahoma City OK; Osaka City Museum of Modern Art. Osaka, Japan; Peggy Guggenheim Collection. Venice, Italy; Pennsylvania Academy of The Fine Arts. Philadelphia PA; Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia PA; Phillips Collection. Washington, DC; Portland Art Museum. Portland OR; Princeton University Art Museum. Princeton NJ; Reynolda House Museum Of American Art. Winston-Salem NC; Rijksmuseum Kroeller-Mueller. Otterlo, The Netherlands; Robert Hull Fleming Museum, The University of Vermont. Burlington VT; Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University. Waltham MA; Saint Louis Art Museum. Saint Louis MO; San Diego Museum Of Art. San Diego CA; San Francisco Museum Of Modern Art. San Francisco CA; Seattle Art Museum. Seattle WA; Sheldon Museum of Art, University Of Nebraska-Lincoln. Lincoln NE; Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago. Chicago IL; Smithsonian American Art Museum. Washington, DC; Snite Museum Of Art, University Of Notre Dame. Notre Dame IN; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum NY; Southern Illinois University Museum. Carbondale IL; Staatsgalerie Stuttgart. Stuttgart, Germany; Storm King Art Center. Mountainville NY; Tate Modern. London UK; . The Columbus Museum. Columbus GA; The Donald M Kendall Sculpture Gardens, PepsiCo World Headquarters. Purchase NY; The Frances Lehman Loeb Art Center, Vassar College. Poughkeepsie NY; The Kreeger Museum. Washington, DC; The Morgan Library & Museum. New York NY; The Museum Of Fine Arts, Houston.TX; The University of Arizona Museum of Art. Tucson, AZ; Toledo Museum Of Art. Toledo OH; University Of Michigan Museum Of Art. Ann Arbor MI; Victoria and Albert Museum. London UK; Wadsworth Atheneum. Hartford CT; Walker Art Center. Minneapolis MN; Weatherspoon Art Museum, University of North Carolina. Greensboro NC; Whitney Museum of American Art. New York NY; Wilhelm Lehmbruck Museum. Duisburg, Germany; Williams College Museum Of Art. Williamstown MA and Yale University Art Gallery. New Haven CT.

David Smith - Solo Exhibitions:

1938 "David Smith: Steel Sculpture," East River Gallery. New York, New York. January 19-February 5, 1938.

1939 "David Smith," Skidmore College. Saratoga Springs, New York.

1940 "David Smith," St. Paul Gallery and School of Art. Minnesota. March 1940.

"David Smith," Neumann/Willard Gallery. New York, New York. March 25-April 15, 1940.

"Medals for Dishonor by David Smith," Willard Gallery. New York, New York. November 5-23, 1940.

1940-1941 University Gallery, University of Minnesota. Minneapolis, Minnesota. December 1940-January 1941.

1941 "Medals For Dishonor," Kalamazoo Institute of Art. Kalamazoo, Michigan. February 1941.

"Medals For Dishonor," Walker Art Center. Minneapolis, Minnesota. November-December 1941.

1942 "Jewelry by David Smith," Willard Gallery. New York, New York. January 1942.

"David Smith," Skidmore College. Saratoga Springs, New York. January 8-28, 1942.

1943 "David Smith," Willard Gallery. New York, New York. April 6-May 1, 1943.

1946 "The Sculpture of David Smith," Buchholz/Willard Galleries. New York, New York. January 2-26, 1946.

1946-1952 "David Smith," organized by the American Association of University Women and Willard Gallery, AAUW National Convention, Baker Hotel. Dallas, Texas. April 13-20, 1946.
Traveled to Gary Public Library. Gary, Indiana;
Fort Wayne Civic Theatre. Fort Wayne, Indiana;
Worcester Pressed Steel Museum. Worcester, Massachusetts;
Indiana State Teachers College. Terre Haute, Indiana;
East Central State College and Public Library. Ada, Oklahoma;
City Library. Logan, Utah;
Provo Public Library. Provo, Utah;
Butler Institute of Art. Youngstown, Ohio;
Roosevelt College. Chicago, Illinois;
Michigan State College. East Lansing, Michigan;
Junior Gallery. Louisville, Kentucky;
Grinnell College. Grinnell, Iowa;
Alabama Polytechnic Institute. Auburn, Alabama.

1947 "David Smith," Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute. Utica, New York. January 14-30, 1947.

"Sculpture and Drawings by David Smith," Skidmore College. Saratoga Springs, New York. February 4-25, 1947.

"David Smith: Sculpture, 1946-1947," Willard Gallery. New York, New York. April 1-26, 1947.

"David Smith Collection," John Woodman Higgins Armory. Worcester, Massachusetts. June 13-October 26[?], 1947.

1948 "David Smith: Medals for Dishonor," Allen R. Hite Art Institute, University of Louisville. Louisville, Kentucky. November 29-December 18, 1948.

1950 "David Smith," Willard Gallery. New York, New York. April 18-May 13, 1950.

1951 "David Smith," Willard Gallery. New York, New York. March 27-April 21, 1951.

"David Smith," Bennington College. Bennington, Vermont. November 16-25, 1951.

1952 "David Smith: Sculpture and Drawing," Kleeman/Willard Galleries. New York, New York. April 1-26, 1952.

"Sculpture and Drawings: David Smith," Walker Art Center. Minneapolis, Minnesota. April 12-May 11, 1952.

"Drawings, Paintings, and Sculptures by David Smith," Catholic University. Washington, DC. October 22-November 14, 1952.

"David Smith," Williams College Museum of Art. Williamstown, Massachusetts.

1953 "David Smith: New Sculpture," Kootz Gallery, in association with Willard Gallery. New York, New York. January 26-February 14, 1953.

"David Smith," University of Arkansas. Fayetteville, Arkansas. February 1953.

"Drawings by David Smith," Portland Art Museum. Portland, Oregon. April-May 1953.

"David Smith: Drawings," Willard Gallery. New York, New York. December 15-30, 1953.

1954 "David Smith," Willard Gallery. New York, New York. January 5-30, 1954.

"David Smith: Sculpture, Drawings, Graphics," organized by the Cincinnati Modern Art Society. Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati Art Museum. Cincinnati, Ohio. May 19-June 13, 1954.

"David Smith," Art Center Gallery, Indiana University. Bloomington, Indiana. October 28-November 14, 1954.

1956 "David Smith Sculpture - Drawings, 1954-56," Willard Gallery. New York, New York. March 6-31, 1956.

1957 "David Smith," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York. September 10-0ctober 20, 1957.

"Sculpture by David Smith," Fine Arts Associates (Otto M. Gerson). New York, New York. September 17-October 12, 1957.

"David Smith (Gouaches and Sculpture in Silver)," Widdifield Gallery. New York, New York. October 15-November 2, 1957.

1959 "David Smith," The New Gallery, Bennington College. Bennington, Vermont. Opened March 26.

"David Smith: Paintings and Drawings," French & Company, Inc. New York, New York. September 16-October 10, 1959.

1960 "David Smith Sculpture," French & Company, Inc. New York, New York. February 17-March 19, 1960.

"David Smith, Sculpture & Drawings," Everett Ellin Gallery. Los Angeles, California. November 7-December 3, 1960.

1961 "David Smith: Recent Sculpture," Otto Gerson Gallery. New York, New York. October 10-28, 1961.

1961-1962 "David Smith," held in conjunction with ''The 1961 Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting and Sculpture,'' Carnegie Institute. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. October 27-January 7, 1962.

1961-1963 "David Smith," organized by The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester. Rochester, New York. November 3-24, 1961.
Traveled to The Frederick R. Mayer Art Center, Phillips Exeter Academy. Exeter, New Hampshire. December 1961-February 1962;
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Cambridge, Massachusetts. February-March 1962;
Phillips Collection. Washington, DC. April 1962;
Herron Museum of Art. Indianapolis, Indiana. September 1962;
Wadsworth Atheneum. Hartford, Connecticut. October-November 1962;
Southern Illinois University. Carbondale, Illinois. January 1963;
Witte Memorial Museum. San Antonio, Texas. February-March 1963.

1963 "David Smith: A Decade of Drawings 1953-63," Balin-Traube Gallery. New York, New York. May 14-June 14, 1963.

1963-1966 "David Smith: Drawings," organized by The Museum of Modern Art, New York. State University of New York at Plattsburgh. Plattsburgh, New York. December 1-22, 1963.
Traveled to Bowling Green State University. Bowling Green, Ohio;
University of Manitoba. Winnipeg, Manitoba;
Northern Michigan University. Marquette, Michigan;
Minnesota State University, Mankato. Mankato, Minnesota;
State University of New York at Oswego. Oswego, New York;
J.B. Speed Art Museum. Louisville, Kentucky;
William Paterson University. Wayne, New Jersey;
Green Mountain College. Poultney, Vermont;
Madison Art Association. Madison, Wisconsin;
University of Detroit. Detroit, Michigan;
Skidmore College. Saratoga Springs, New York;
Wichita State University. Wichita, Kansas;
Fresno State College. Fresno, California.

1964 "David Smith: Sculpture and Drawings," Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. February 1-March 15, 1964.

"David Smith," The Hyde Collection. Glens Falls, New York. June 7-July 5, 1964.

"David Smith," Marlborough-Gerson Gallery Inc. New York, New York. October 15-November 16, 1964.

1965 "David Smith 1906-1965," The Hyde Collection. Glens Falls, New York. June 13-August 1, 1965.

1965-1966 "David Smith: A Memorial Exhibition," Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles, California. November 3, 1965-January 30, 1966.

1966-1967 "David Smith 1906-1965," organized by The International Council of The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller. Otterlo, The Netherlands. May 15-June 17, 1966.
Traveled to Tate Gallery. London, United Kingdom. August 18-September 25, 1966;
Kunsthalle Basel. Basel, Switzerland. October 22-November 27, 1966;
Stadische Kunstsammlung. Nuremberg, Germany. January 17-February 20, 1967;
Kusthalle Nürnberg. Nuremberg, Germany. Winter-Spring 1967;
Wilhelm-Lehmbruck-Museum. Duisburg, Germany. April 15-May 28, 1967.

"David Smith 1906-1965. A Retrospective Exhibition," Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University. Cambridge, Massachusetts. September 28-November 15, 1966.
The Washington Gallery of Modern Art. Washington, DC. January 7-February 26, 1967.

1967 "David Smith: Eight Early Works, 1935-1938," Marlborough-Gerson Gallery Inc. New York, New York. April 1967.

1968 "David Smith: Small Sculpture of the Mid-Forties," Marlborough-Gerson Gallery Inc. New York, New York. May-June 1968.

1969 "David Smith," The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, New York. March 29-May 11, 1969.
Dallas Museum of Fine Art. Dallas, Texas. June-September 1969.
Corcoran Gallery of Art. Washington, DC. October-November 1969.

1971 "Sculpture by David Smith in the Storm King Art Center Collection," Storm King Art Center. Mountainville, New York.

1972 "David Smith: 23 Related Sculptures, Drawings, Paintings," Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University. Cambridge, Massachusetts. January-February 1972.

1973 "David Smith: Drawings," Knoedler Contemporary Art. New York, New York. October 13-November 3, 1973.

"David Smith of Bolton Landing: Sculpture and Drawings," The Hyde Collection. Glens Falls, New York. July 1-September 30, 1973.

1974 "David Smith," Knoedler Contemporary Art. New York, New York. October 5-26, 1974.

1975-1976 "David Smith Drawings 1952-1963," Dart Gallery. Chicago, Illinois. December 26, 1975-January 31, 1976.

1976 "David Smith: Zeichnungen [David Smith: Drawings]," Staatsgalerie Stuttgart, Graphische Sammlung. Stuttgart, Germany. January- February 29, 1976.
Traveled to Nationalgalerie Berlin Staatl. Berlin, Germany;
Museen PreusB. Kulturbesitz, Germany. March 16-May 2, 1976;
Wilhelm-Lehmbruck-Museum. Duisburg, Germany.

"David Smith: Small Sculptures," Knoedler Contemporary Art. New York, New York. March 16-April 7, 1976.

"David Smith: Paintings," Knoedler Contemporary Art. New York, New York. April 24-May 13, 1976.

"David Smith Exhibition," Storm King Art Center. Mountainville, New York. May 12-October 31, 1976.

1977 "David Smith," M. Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. November 22-December 10, 1977.

1978 "David Smith (1906-1965)," M. Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. November 21-December 14, 1978.

1979 "David Smith 1906-1965: Wichtige Zeichungen aus dem Nachlass [Important Drawings from the Estate]," Galerie Wentzel. Hamburg, Germany. April 24-June 2, 1979.

"David Smith: The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden Collection," Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC. July 26-October 28, 1979.

"David Smith: Sculpture, Drawings, and Paintings," Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University. Cambridge, Massachusetts. October 1-November 25, 1979.

1979-1981 "David Smith: The Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. December 5, 1979-February 10, 1980.
Traveled to Serpentine Gallery (with sculpture added). London, United Kingdom. May 3-June 8, 1980;
Detroit Institute of Art. Detroit, Michigan. February 1-April 12, 1981.

1980 "David Smith: Drawings with Color," M. Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. May 14-June 13, 1980.

1981 "David Smith, Drawings for Sculpture: 1954-1964," Mekler Gallery. Los Angeles, California. April 26-May 30, 1981.

"David Smith: Drawings," Klonaridis Gallery. Toronto, Ontario. October 31-November 21, 1981.

"David Smith: Spray Paintings and Works on Paper," M. Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. November 21-December 12, 1981.

1981-1982 "David Smith, The Formative Years: Sculptures and Drawings from the 1930's and 1940's," Edmonton Art Gallery. Edmonton, Alberta. January-March 1981.
Traveled to Seattle Art Museum. Seattle, Washington. March 19-May 10, 1981;
Winnipeg Art Gallery. Winnipeg, Manitoba. August 14-September 26, 1981;
Art Gallery of Hamilton. Hamilton, Ontario. October 15-November 15, 1981;
Art Gallery of Windsor. Windsor, Ontario. December 6, 1981-January 17, 1982;
M. Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. Spring 1982.

1982 "David Smith: Drawings," Janie C. Lee Gallery. Houston, Texas. January 15-February 6, 1982.

"David Smith: Drawings for Sculpture, 1954-1964," Storm King Art Center. Mountainville, New York. May 19-October 31, 1982.

1982-1983 "David Smith. Painter, Sculptor, Draftsman," Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC. November 4, 1982-January 2, 1983.
San Antonio Museum of Art. San Antonio, Texas. March 27-June 4, 1983.

"From The Life of the Artist: A Documentary View of David Smith," Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution. Washington, DC. November 4, 1982-January 2, 1983.
Traveled to San Antonio Museum of Art. San Antonio, Texas. March 27-June 30, 1983.

"David Smith," National Gallery of Art. Washington, DC. November 7, 1982-April 24, 1983.

1983 "David Smith: Sculpture, Painting, Drawing," M. Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. April 23-May 12, 1983.

"David Smith: Workbook Drawings for Sculpture (1954-1964)," Milwaukee Art Museum. Milwaukee, Wisconsin. April 28-August 21, 1983.

"David Smith: Spray Paintings, Drawings, Sculpture," Arts Club of Chicago. Chicago, Illinois. June 1-30, 1983.

"David Smith: Paintings from 1930-1947," Washburn Gallery. New York, New York. September 20-October 30, 1983.

1984 "David Smith: Drawings for Sculpture, 1954-1960," Jeffrey Hoffeld & Co., Inc. New York, New York. January 17-August 25, 1984.

"Dorothy Dehner/David Smith: Their Decades of Search and Fulfillment," The Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum, Rutgers University. New Brunswick, New Jersey. January 15-March 4, 1984.
Traveled to Skidmore College. Saratoga Springs, New York. April 19-May 13, 1984.

"David Smith: Sculpture, Painting and Drawing of the Fifties," M. Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. November 17-December 6, 1984.

1985 "David Smith: Sprays From Bolton Landing," Anthony d'Offay Gallery. London, United Kingdom. July 3-August 24, 1985.

1985-1988 "The Drawings of David Smith," organized by The International Exhibitions Foundation, Washington, DC. Oklahoma City Museum of Art. Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. November 16-December 29, 1985.
Traveled to Saint Louis Art Museum. St. Louis, Missouri. January 21-March 2, 1986;
Arkansas Art Center. Little Rock, Arkansas;
Fort Worth Art Museum. Fort Worth, Texas;
Bass Art Museum. Miami Beach, Florida;
Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute. Utica, New York;
Louisiana Arts and Science Center. Baton Rouge, Louisiana;
University Art Museum. Seattle, Washington;
University of California Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California;
Portland Art Museum. Portland, Oregon;
Claremont, California;
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art. Kansas City, Missouri;
The Frederick R. Mayer Art Center, The Lamont Gallery, Phillips Exeter Academy. Exeter, New Hampshire.

1986 "David Smith, Die reifen Jahre, 1951-1965: Skulpturen und Zeichnungen [David Smith, the Mature Years, 1951-1965: Sculpture and Drawings]," Galerie Hans Strelow. Dusseldorf, Germany. October 2-November 8, 1986.

"David Smith: Drawings and Sculpture," M. Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. October 8-November 1, 1986.

1986-1987 "David Smith, Skulpturen, Zeichnungen [David Smith, Sculpture and Drawings]," co-organized with Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt am Main. Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen. Dusseldorf, Germany. March 14-April 30, 1986.
Traveled to Städtische Galerie im Städelschen Kunstinstitut. Frankfurt am Main, Germany. June 19-September 28, 1986;
Whitechapel Art Gallery. London, United Kingdom. November 7, 1986-January 4, 1987.

1987 "David Smith: The Prints," Pace Prints. New York, New York. February 27-March, 1987.

"David Smith: Paintings from the 1930's," Washburn Gallery. New York, New York. March 3-28, 1987.

1988 "David Smith: Sculpture and Drawings," Akira Ikeda Gallery. Tokyo, Japan. May 16-June 25, 1988.

"David Smith: Drawings of the Fifties," Anthony d'Offay Gallery. London, United Kingdom. July 13-August 12, 1988.

1990 "David Smith: Works on Paper," Margo Leavin Gallery. Los Angeles, California. January 6-February 10, 1990.

"David Smith. Nudes: Drawings and Paintings from 1927-1964," Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. March 29-April 26, 1990.
The Montclair Art Museum. Montclair, New Jersey. July 1-August 19, 1990.

"David Smith: Drawings and Sculpture," The Fourth Australian Sculpture Triennial, Heide Park and Art Gallery. Bulleen, Victoria, Australia. September 13-November 4, 1990.

"David Smith: Painting into Sculpture," Washburn Gallery. New York, New York. October 30-December 1, 1990.

1991-1992 "David Smith: Medals For Dishonor, 1937-1940," organized by the Henry Moore Centre for the Study of Sculpture at the Leeds City Art Gallery, U.K, and by Anthony d'Offay Gallery, London. Imperial War Museum. London, United Kingdom. April 25-June 23, 1991.
Traveled to The Museum of Modern Art, Oxford. Oxford, United Kingdom. July 14-September 29, 1991;
Leeds City Art Gallery. Leeds, United Kingdom. December 5, 1991-February 1, 1992;
Arnolfini Gallery. Bristol, United Kingdom. February 29-April 5, 1992.

1992 "David Smith: Sculpture and Drawings," Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. April 30-July 1, 1992.

1994 "David Smith," Sezon Museum of Art. Tokyo, Japan. April 14-May 30, 1994.
Traveled to Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art. Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan. June 7-July 17, 1994;
The Museum of Modern Art, Shiga. Shiga, Japan. July 26-September 25, 1994;
Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art. Chiba, Japan. October 5-November 20, 1994.

"David Smith, The Charcoal Drawings: 1958," Margo Leavin Gallery. Los Angeles, California. April 30-June 4, 1994.

1994-1995 "David Smith, Medals for Dishonor, 1937-1940," Matthew Marks Gallery. New York, New York. November 29, 1994-January 28, 1995.

1995 "David Smith: The Inspiration of Music," Washburn Gallery. New York, New York. February 15-March 25, 1995.

1995-1996 "David Smith: To and From the Figure," Knoedler & Company. New York, New York. April 29-May 20, 1995.
Traveled to Akira Ikeda Gallery. Tokyo, Japan. September 1-30, 1995;
Galerie Piltzer. Paris, France. November 29, 1995-January 31, 1996.

"David Smith: 'This Work Is My Identity'," Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University. Cambridge, Massachusetts. June 3, 1995-May 5, 1996.

1995-1997 "David Smith in Italy," Prada Milano Arte. Milan, Italy. May 16-June 30, 1995.
Traveled to M. Knoedler & Co. (as "David Smith and Italy: Voltri Landscapes and Sprays"). New York, New York. September 5-October 5, 1996;
Memphis Brooks Museum of Art. Memphis, Tennessee. December 15, 1996-February 9, 1997.

1996 "David Smith," Centro Julio González, Institut Valenciá d'Art Modern (IVAM). Valencia, Spain. January 18-March 18, 1996.
Traveled to Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia. Madrid, Spain. April 23-July 1, 1996.

1996-1999 "David Smith: Medals for Dishonor," organized by Independent Curators Incorporated, New York. Columbus Museum of Art. Columbus, Ohio. November 7, 1996-January 12, 1997.
Traveled to DePree Art Center, Hope College. Holland, Michigan. September 12-November 7, 1998;
Boston University Art Gallery. Boston, Massachusetts. January 22-March 7, 1999.

1997 "The Fields of David Smith," (Part I of a tripartite exhibition presented in 1997, 1998 and 1999). Storm King Art Center. Mountainville, New York. May 19-November 16, 1997.

"David Smith: "Replacing the Shower of Sparks with the Spray of Paint," Sprays and Drawings," Hill Gallery. Birmingham, Michigan. October 24-November 29, 1997.

1998 "David Smith: Photographs 1931-1965," Matthew Marks Gallery. New York, New York. March 7-April 8, 1998.
Co-organized with Fraenkel Gallery. San Francisco, California. April 30-May 17, 1998.
"Painted Steel: The Late Works of David Smith," Gagosian Gallery. New York, New York. April 18-May 23, 1998.

"The Fields of David Smith," (Part II of a tripartite exhibition presented in 1997, 1998 and 1999). Storm King Art Center. Mountainville, New York. May 18-November 15, 1998.

1998-1999 "David Smith: Stop Action," Museum of Contemporary Art. North Miami, Florida. December 19, 1998-February 24, 1999.

1999 "The Fields of David Smith," (Part III of a tripartite exhibition presented in 1997, 1998 and 1999). Storm King Art Center. Mountainville, New York. May 17-November 15, 1999.

1999-2000 "David Smith: Paintings, Sculptures and Medals," Tel Aviv Museum of Art. Tel Aviv, Israel. November 15, 1999-February 15, 2000.

2000 "David Smith on the Roof," The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, New York. May-Fall 2000.

2000-2001 "David Smith. The Last Nudes," Gagosian Gallery. New York, New York. September 14-October 21, 2000.
Gagosian Gallery. London, United Kingdom. January 25-March 3, 2001.

2000-2002 "David Smith: Two into Three Dimensions," organized by Arts Management Services/American Federation of Arts, New York. Douglas F. Cooley Memorial Art Gallery, Reed College. Portland, Oregon. April 18-June 18, 2000.
Traveled to Newcomb Art Gallery, Tulane University. New Orleans, Louisiana. December 1, 2000-February 18, 2001;
Mary and Leigh Block Art Museum, Northwestern University. Evanston, Illinois. March 7-April 26, 2001;
Lyman Allyn Museum of Art, Connecticut College. New London, Connecticut. June 25-August 26, 2001;
National Academy of Design Museum. New York, New York. November 27, 2001-January 27, 2002.

2001 "David Smith Ink Drawings from 1957," Margo Leavin Gallery. Los Angeles, California. January 11-February 10, 2001.

"Jackson Pollock and David Smith: Paintings and Sculptures from the 1930s and the 1940s," Washburn Gallery. New York, New York. February 15-March 24, 2001.

2003 "Dessins de David Smith: un choix d'Alain Kirili [Drawings by David Smith; Selected by Alain Kirili]," École nationale supérieure des beaux-arts, Chapelle des Petits-Augins. Paris, France. March 18-April 27, 2003.

2004 "David Smith, Related Clues: Drawings, Paintings and Sculpture 1931-1964," Gagosian Gallery. New York, New York. March 13-April 17, 2004.

"David Smith: Dibujante. Entre Eros y Tánatos [David Smith: Draftsman. Between Eros and Thanatos]," Centro Julio González, Institut Valenciá d'Art Modern (IVAM). Valencia, Spain. July 15-September 26, 2004.

2005 "David Smith: Drawing + Sculpting," Nasher Sculpture Center. Dallas, Texas. April 16-July 17, 2005.

"David Smith: Paintings and Drawings 1955-1958," Margo Leavin Gallery. Los Angeles, California. July 9-August 20, 2005.

2006 "David Smith: Personage," Gagosian Gallery. New York, New York. March 10-April 15, 2006.
Gagosian Gallery. London, United Kingdom. November 2-December 9, 2006.

"David Smith: Sprays," American Contemporary Art Gallery. Munich, Germany. September 8-November 17, 2006.

2006-2007 "David Smith: A Centennial," The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, New York. February 3-May 14, 2006.
Traveled to Centre Pompidou, Museé national d'art moderne. Paris, France. June 14-August 21, 2006;
Tate Modern. London, United Kingdom. November 1, 2006-January 21, 2007.

"Seeing David Smith: Photographs by Dan Budnik," Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. March 18-May 26, 2006.
Traveled to Silvermine Guild Arts Center. New Canaan, Connecticut. June 16-July 16, 2006;
The Hyde Collection. Glens Falls, New York. December 2, 2006-February 25, 2007.

2007-2008 "David Smith, Object and Image: Small Paintings 1954-1958," organized by Margo Leavin Gallery, Los Angeles. Art Basel Miami. Miami, Florida. December 6-9, 2007.
Margo Leavin Gallery. Los Angeles, California. February 2-March 8, 2008.

2008 "David Smith: Sprays," Gagosian Gallery. New York, New York. January 17-February 23, 2008.

2008-2010 "David Smith: Working Surface - Drawings, Paintings, Sculptures 1932-1963," Galerie Gmurzynska. Zurich, Switzerland. June 1-September 20, 2008.
Traveled to Wilhelm-Lehmbruck-Museum. Duisburg, Germany. February 1-May 3, 2009;
Galerie Gmurzynska. St. Moritz, Switzerland. February 12-April 4, 2010.

2009-2010 "David Smith: Works on Paper," Russell Bowman Gallery. Chicago, Illinois. November 6, 2009-January 2, 2010.

2010 "David Smith Don Quixote," Craig F. Starr Gallery. New York, New York. February 19-April 3, 2010.

"David Smith," Gagosian Gallery. New York, New York. February 26-April 10, 2010.

2011 "David Smith Invents," The Phillips Collection. Washington, D.C. February 12-May 15, 2011.

"Cubes and Anarchy: Geometry in David Smith," Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles, California. April 3-July 24, 2011.


David Smith - Group Exhibitions:

1930 Selected Group Exhibitions.
"Fourth Annual Exhibition of American Block Prints," Print Club of Philadelphia. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. March 17-April 5, 1930.

1934 "Winter Exhibition of Paintings by Four Contemporary Artists," Academy of Allied Art. New York, New York. January 18-February 10, 1934.

1937 "First Annual Membership Exhibition: American Artist's Congress," Rockefeller Center. New York, New York. April 16-29, 1937.

1938 "American Abstract Artists," Fine Arts Galleries. New York, New York. February 14-28, 1938.

"37th Exhibition," Municipal Art Society, Municipal Art Galleries. New York, New York. October 25-November 13, 1938.

1939 "United American Sculptors Exhibition," New School for Social Research. New York, New York. February 1939.

"Exhibition of Contemporary American Art," New York World's Fair. New York, New York. April 30-October 31, 1939.

1940-1941 "American Sculpture of Today," Buchholz Gallery. New York, New York. December 30, 1940-January 18, 1941.

1941 "Annual Exhibition of Sculpture, Watercolors, Drawings and Prints," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. January 15-February 19, 1941.

"Third Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition," Sculptors' Guild, Village Square. New York, New York. April 28-May 31, 1941.

1941-1943 "15 American Sculptors," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York (organizer).
Traveled extensively in U.S.

1942 "7th Annual Exhibition of Artists of the Upper Hudson," Albany Institute of History and Art. Albany, New York. May 1942.

"Fourth Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition," Sculptors' Guild, Rockefeller Center. New York, New York. September 15-October 15, 1942.

1942-1943 "1942-1943 Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Art," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. November 24, 1942-January 6, 1943.

"Artists for Victory," The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, New York. December 7, 1942-February 22, 1943.

1943 "American Sculpture of Our Time," Buchholz/Willard Galleries. New York, New York. January 5-23, 1943.

1943-1944 "Annual Exhibition of Contemporary Art," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. November 23, 1943-January 4, 1944.

1944 "Art in Progress," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York. May 24-October 15, 1944.

1945 "Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. January 3-February 8, 1945.

"Recent Work by American Sculptors," Buchholz Gallery. New York, New York. February 6-24, 1945.

1946 "Origins of Modern Sculpture," Detroit Institute of Arts. Detroit, Michigan. January 22-March 3, 1946.

"Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture: Objects - Constructions," Yale University Art Gallery. New Haven, Connecticut. April 4-May 6, 1946.

"Sixth Annual Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture by Members of the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors," Wildenstein Gallery. New York, New York. September 18-October 5, 1946.

1947 "142nd Annual Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture," Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. January 26-March 2, 1947.

"Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. March 11-April 17, 1947.

"Abstract and Non-Objective Sculpture," Clay Club Sculpture Center. New York, New York. October 27-November 29, 1947.

1947-1948 "Abstract and Surrealist American Art: 58th Annual Exhibition of American Painting and Sculpture," Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, Illinois. November 6, 1947-January 11, 1948.

1948 "Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. January 31-March 21, 1948.

"Sculpture at the Crossroads," Worcester Art Museum. Worcester, Massachusetts. February 15-March 21, 1948.

1949 "Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. April 2-May 8, 1949.

"Third Sculpture International Exhibition," Fairmont Park Art Association, Philadelphia Museum of Art. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. May 15-September 11, 1949.

"Contemporary Paintings from the United States, Great Britain and France with Sculpture from the United States," Art Gallery of Toronto. Toronto, Canada. November 4-December 24, 1949.

1950 "Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. April 1-May 28, 1950.

"International Open Air Exhibition," Middelheim Park. Antwerp, Belgium. Summer 1950.

1951 "Abstract Painting and Sculpture in America," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York. January 23-March 4, 1951.

"I Bienal de São Paulo," U.S. Representation. Museu de Arte Moderna. São Paulo, Brazil. October 1951.

"60th Annual Exhibition of Paintings and Sculpture," Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, Illinois. October 25-December 16, 1951.

1951-1952 "American Sculpture 1951," The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, New York. December 7, 1951-February 24, 1952.

"Tradition and Experiment: An Exhibition of Modern Sculpture," The American Federation of the Arts (organizer).
Traveled extensively in U.S.

"Carvers, Modelers, Welders: A Selection of Recent American Sculpture," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York (organizer).
Traveled extensively in U.S.

1952 "Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. March 13-May 4, 1952.

"Exhibition: Welded Sculpture," Sculpture Center. New York, New York. October 6-31, 1952.

1952-1953 "Sculpture of the Twentieth Century," Philadelphia Museum of Art, Fairmount Park Association. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. October 11-December 7, 1952.
Traveled to Chicago, Illinois and New York, New York.

1953 "Contemporary American Painting and Sculpture," University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Urbana, Illinois. March 1-April 12, 1953.

"Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. April 9-May 29, 1953.

1953-1954 "Douze peintres et sculpteurs american contemporains [Twelve Modern American Painters and Sculptors]," International Council of the Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York (organizer).
Musée National d'Art Moderne. Paris, France. April 24-June 7, 1953.
Traveled to Zurich, Switzerland; Dusseldorf, Germany; Stockholm, Sweden; Helsinki, Finland and Oslo, Norway.

1954 "2 Pittori, 3 Scultori [2 Painters, 3 Sculptors]," American Representation. XXVII Venice Biennale. Venice, Italy. June 1954.

"61st American Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture," Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, Illinois. October 21-December 5, 1954.

"Le Dessin contemporain aux Etats-Unis," Musée national d'art moderne. Paris, France. October-November, 1954.

1955 "Annual Exhibition of Paintings, Sculpture and Watercolors," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. January 12-February 20, 1955.

"Three Contemporary Sculptors," San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. San Francisco, California. May 19-June 12, 1955.

1956 "Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture, Watercolors and Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. April 4-June 10, 1956.

"Exposition internationale de sculpture contemporaine [International Exhibition of Contemporary Sculpture]," Musée Rodin. Paris, France. Summer 1956.

"American Sculpture Today," Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Richmond, Virginia. September 28-October 21, 1956.

1956-1957 "Monumentality in Modern Sculpture," Contemporary Arts Association. Houston, Texas. December 13, 1956-January 13, 1957.

1957 "20th-Century Moderns," Albany Institute of History and Art. Albany, New York. February 1-23, 1957.

"Irons in the Fire: An Exhibition of Metal Sculpture," Contemporary Arts Museum. Houston, Texas. October 17-December 1, 1957.

1958 United States Pavilion, World's Fair. Brussels, Belgium. April 3-October 30, 1958.

"Lipton, Rothko, Smith and Tobey," American Representation. XXIX Venice Biennale. Venice, Italy. June-October 1958.

1958-1959 "Annual Exhibition of Sculpture, Paintings, Watercolors, Drawings," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. November 11, 1958-January 4, 1959.

"1958 Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting and Sculpture," Department of Fine Arts, Carnegie Institute. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. December 5, 1958-February 8, 1959.

1959 "The Museum and Its Friends - 18 Living American Artists," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. March 5-April 12, 1959.

"Dokumenta II: Skulptur," Kassel, Germany. July 11-October 11, 1959.

"V São Paulo Bienal: Smith, Guston, Francis, Kadish, Frankenthaler, Goldberg, Kohn, Leslie, Marca-Reilli, Metcalf, Mitchell, Rauschenberg," American Representation, organized by the Minneapolis Institute of Arts. Museu de Arte Moderna. São Paulo, Brazil. September 21-December 31, 1959.

1959-1960 "Recent Sculpture, U.S.A.," The Museum of Modern Art Junior Council. The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York (organizer). May 13-August 16, 1959.
Traveled to Denver, Colorado; Tucson, Arizona; Los Angeles, California; St. Louis, Missouri and Boston, Massachusetts.

1960 "The John Rood Sculpture Collection," Walker Arts Center. Minneapolis, Minnesota. January 10-February 7, 1960.

"Aspects de la Sculpture Américaine," Galerie Claude Bernard. Paris, France. October 1960.

"Paths of Abstract Art," The Cleveland Museum of Art. Cleveland, Ohio. October 4-November 13, 1960.

1960-1961 "Annual Exhibition of Sculpture and Drawing," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. December 7, 1960-January 22, 1961.

1961 "Paintings and Sculpture from the Albright-Knox Art Gallery," Rochester Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester. Rochester, New York. January 15-March 5, 1961.
Traveled to Yale University. New Haven, Connecticut.

"Mechanism and Organism," New School for Social Research. New York, New York. October 5-27, 1961.

1961-1962 "Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting and Sculpture," Department of Fine Arts, Carnegie Institute. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. October 27, 1961-January 7, 1962.

"The Art of Assemblage," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York. October 2-November 20, 1961.
Traveled to Dallas, Texas and San Francisco, California.

1962 "Art Since 1950," Fine Arts Pavillion, World's Fair. Seattle, Washington. April 4-October 21, 1962.

"Continuity and Change: Forty-five American Abstract Painters and Sculptors," Wadsworth Atheneum. Hartford, Connecticut. April 12-May 27, 1962.

1962-1963 "Modern Sculpture from the Joseph H. Hirshhorn Collection," Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, New York. October 3, 1962-January 6, 1963.

"Lettering by Hand," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York (organizer).
Traveled extensively in U.S. and Latin America.

1963 "Sculpture in the Open Air: Exhibition of Contemporary British and American Works," London County Council, Battersea Park. London, United Kingdom. May-September 1963.

"Sculptors of Our Time," Washington Gallery of Modern Art. Washington, DC. September 17-October 31, 1963.

1963-1964 "U.S. Government Art Projects: Some Distinguished Alumni," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York (organizer).
Traveled extensively in U.S.

1964 "'54-'64: Paintings and Sculpture of a Decade," Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation at the Tate Gallery. London, United Kingdom. April 22-June 28, 1964.

"Documenta III," Kassel, Germany. Summer 1964.

1964-1965 "Annual Exhibition of Contemporary American Sculpture," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. December 9, 1964-January 31, 1965.

1965 "Festival of the Arts," The White House. Washington, DC. June 14, 1965.

"Critics' Choice: Art Since World War II," Providence Art Club. Providence, Rhode Island. March 21-April 24, 1965.

1965-1966 "7 Sculptors: Anthony Caro, John Chamberlain, Donald Judd, Alexander Liberman, Tina Matkovic, David Smith, Anne Truitt," Institute of Contemporary Art, University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. December 1965-January 17, 1966.

"Etats Unis: Sculpteurs du XXe Siècle [20th-century American Sculptors]," The International Council of the Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York (organizer). Musée Rodin. Paris, France. June 22-October 10, 1965.
Traveled to Berlin and Baden-Baden, Germany.

1966 "Sculpture in the Open Air," Greater London Council Exhibition, Battersea Park. London, United Kingdom. Summer 1966.

1967 "American Sculpture of the 60s," Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Los Angeles, California. April 28-June 25, 1967.
Traveled to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

1967-1968 "Fifth International Exhibition of Sculpture," The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, New York. October 20, 1967-February 4, 1968.

1968 "Dada, Surrealism and Their Heritage," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York. March 27-June 9, 1968.
Traveled to Los Angeles, California and Chicago, Illinois.

"Documenta IV," Kassel, Germany. Summer 1968.

1969-1970 "New York Painting and Sculpture 1940-1970," Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, New York. October 18, 1969-February 8, 1970.

1970 "Noguchi & Rickey & Smith," University of Indiana Bloomington. Bloomington, Indiana. November 8-December 13, 1970.

1971 "Six Sculptors and Their Drawings," Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University. Cambridge, Massachusetts. May 7-June 7, 1971.

"Alexander Calder/ Louise Nevelson/ David Smith," The Society of the Four Arts. Palm Beach, Florida. March 6-April 5, 1971.

1973 "Nineteen Sculptors of the Forties," Art Galleries, University of California at Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California. April 3-May 6, 1973.

1974 "The Great Decade of American Abstraction: Modernist Art 1960 to 1970," Museum of Fine Arts, Houston. Houston, Texas. January 15-March 10, 1974.

"Monumenta: A Biennial Exhibition of Outdoor Sculpture," Monumenta Newport Inc. Newport, Rhode Island. August 17-October 13, 1974.

1976 "Seven Plus Five: Sculptors in the 1950s," Art Galleries, University of California at Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, California. January 6-February 15, 1976.

"200 Years of American Sculpture," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. March 16-September 26, 1976.

1977 "Graham, Gorky, Smith and Davis in the Thirties," Daniel Winton Bell Gallery, Brown University. Providence, Rhode Island. April 30-May 22, 1977.

1978-1979 "American Art at Mid-Century: The Subjects of the Artist," National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C. June 1, 1978-January 14, 1979.

1979 "Drawings and Sculptures: Noguchi, Calder, and Smith," Storm King Art Center. Mountainville, New York. May 23-October 29, 1979.
"The Prospect Mountain Sculpture Show: An Homage to David Smith," Lake George Arts Project. Lake George, New York. August 1-October 15, 1979.

1979-1980 "Vanguard American Sculpture 1913-1939," Rutgers University Art Gallery. New Brunswick, New Jersey. September 15-November 4, 1979.
Traveled to University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina; Omaha, Nebraska and Oakland, California.

1980-1981 "Julio González, David Smith, Anthony Caro, Tim Scott, Michael Steiner," Galerie de France. Paris, France. February 5-March 29, 1980.
Traveled to Bielefeld, Tübingen and Hamburg, Germany.

1981 "Sculptor's Drawings over Six Centuries: 1400-1950," The Drawing Center. New York, New York. March 18-June 20, 1981.

"Westkunst: Zeitgenossische Kunst seit 1939," Museen der Stadt Koln. Cologne, Germany. May 30-August 16, 1981.

1983 "Modern Art in the West: GUGGENHEIM," Tokyo Metropolitan Teien Art Museum. Tokyo, Japan. October 1-December 25, 1983.

"Abstract Painting and Sculpture in America, 1927-1944," Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. November 5-December 31, 1983.

1983-1984 "Sculpture: The Tradition in Steel," Nassau County Art Museum. Roslyn, New York. October 9, 1983-January 22, 1984.

"Adolf Gottlieb, Robert Motherwell, David Smith," M. Knoedler & Co. New York, New York. December 7, 1983-January 4, 1984.

1984 "Skulptur im 20 Jahrhundert," Merian-Park. Basel, Switzerland. June 3-September 20, 1984.

1984-1985 "The Third Dimension: Sculpture of the New York School," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. December 6, 1984-March 3, 1985.

1985-1986 "Transformation in Sculpture: Four Decades of American and European Art," The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, New York. November 22, 1985-January 16, 1986.

1986 "Qu'est ce que c'est la sculpture modern? [What is Modern Sculpture?]," Centre Georges Pompidou. Paris, France. July 3-October 13, 1986.

1986-1988 "Individuals: A Selected History of Contemporary Art," The Museum of Contemporary Art. Los Angeles, California. December 10, 1986-January 10, 1988.

1987-1989 "A Century of Modern Sculpture: The Patsy and Raymond Nasher Collection," Dallas Museum of Art. Dallas, Texas. April 5-May 31, 1987.
Traveled to Washington, D.C.; Madrid, Spain; Florence, Italy and Tel Aviv, Israel.

1988 "From the Southern Cross: A View of World Art c.1940-88," The Australian Biennale, Art Gallery of New South Wales. Sydney, Australia. May 18-July 3, 1988.

1988-1990 "Twentieth-Century Painting and Sculpture: Selections for the Tenth Anniversary of the East Building," National Gallery of Art. Washington, D.C. December 4, 1988-December 31, 1990.

1991 "Art of the Forties," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York. February 24-April 30, 1991.

1993 "Picasso and the Age of Iron," The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, New York. March 19-May 16, 1993.

1995 "Kokunai shozo: Amerika chusho hyogen shugi no meisakuten [Abstract expressionism: Masterpieces from Japanese collections]," Tokyo Kokuritsu Kindai Bijutsukan. Tokyo, Japan. March 11-June 4, 1995.

"The Terese and Alvin S. Lane Collection: Twentieth Century American Sculpture and Sculptors' Works on Paper," Elvehjem Museum of Art. Madison, Wisconsin. September 30-December 3, 1995.

1996-1997 "Twentieth Century American Sculpture at the White House," Exhibition V, Washington, D.C. October 4, 1996-September 30, 1997.

1997-1998 "The Guggenheim Museums and the Art of This Century," Guggenheim Museum Bilbao. Bilbao, Spain. October 3, 1997-February 1, 1998.

1998 "La sculpture moderne au Jardin des Tuileries," Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication. Paris, France. December 1998.

1999 "The American Century: Art and Culture, 1900-1950," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. April 23-August 22, 1999.

2000-2001 "Crossroads of American sculpture: David Smith, George Rickey, John Chamberlain, Robert Indiana, William T. Wiley, Bruce Nauman," Indianapolis Museum of Art. Indianapolis, Indiana. October 14, 2000-January 21, 2001.

"Celebrating Modern Art: The Anderson Collection," San Francisco Museum of Modern Art. San Francisco, California. October 7, 2000-January 15, 2001.

2002 "The ''Irascibles'' and the New York School," Commune di Venezia, Beni e Attività Culturali. Venice, Italy. March 23-June 30, 2002.

2003-2004 "Lois Orswell, David Smith, and Friends: Works from the Lois Orswell Collection Harvard University," Knoedler Gallery. New York, New York. November 14, 2003-January 24, 2004.

2004 "Sculpture Monumentale Américaine [Monumental American Sculpture]," Donjon de Vez. France. July 3-October 30, 2004.

2004-2005 "Action Painting, Arte Americana 1940-1970," Peggy Guggenheim Collection. Venice, Italy. November 21, 2004-February 27, 2005.

2005 "Surrealism USA," National Academy of Design. New York, New York. February 17-May 8, 2005.
Traveled to Phoenix, Arizona.

2005-2006 "École de New York: Expressionisme abstrait américaine, oeuvres sur papier [New York School: American Abstract Expressionism, Works on Paper]," Musée d'art moderne et d'art contemporain. Nice, France. December 8, 2005-March 5, 2006.

2006 "Toward a New American Cubism," Berry-Hill Galleries, Inc. New York, New York. May 16-July 7, 2006.

"New York New York: Fifty Years of Art, Architecture, Film, Music, and Video," The Grimaldi Forum. Monte Carlo, Monaco. July 14-Sepember 10, 2006.

2006-2007 "Picasso and American Art," Whitney Museum of American Art. New York, New York. September 28, 2006-January 28, 2007.

2007-2008 "Art for Yale: Collecting for a New Century. Celebrating the 175th Anniversary of the Yale University Art Gallery and the Centennial of Paul Mellon's Birth," Yale University Art Gallery. New Haven, Connecticut. September 18, 2007-January 13, 2008.

"Abstract Expressionism and Other Modern Works: The Muriel Kallis Steinberg Newman Collection in The Metropolitan Museum of Art," The Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York, New York. September 18, 2007-February 3, 2008.

"1937: Perfektion und Zerstörung [1937: Perfection and Destruction]," Kunsthalle Bielefeld. Bielefeld, Germany. September 30, 2007-January 13, 2008.

2008 "The 1930s: The Making of "The New Man"," National Gallery of Canada. Ottawa, Ontario. June 6-September 7, 2008.

"Abstract Expressionism - A World Elsewhere," Haunch of Venison. New York, New York. September 12-November 12, 2008.

"for what you are about to receive," Gagosian Gallery. Moscow, Russia. September 18-October 25, 2008.

"Untitled (Vicarious): Photographing the Constructed Object," Gagosian Gallery. New York, New York. September 23-December 20, 2008.

2008-2009 "Action/Abstraction: Pollock, De Kooning, and American Art, 1940-1976," The Jewish Museum. New York, New York. May 4-September 21, 2008.
Traveled to Saint Louis Art Museum. St. Louis, Missouri and Albright-Knox Art Gallery. Buffalo, New York.

"In Pursuit of the Masters: Stories from the Raymond and Patsy Nasher Collection," Nasher Sculpture Center. Dallas, Texas. September 20, 2008-January 4, 2009.

"1945-1949: Repartir à zero, comme si la peinture n'avait jamais existé," Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon. Lyon, France. October 24, 2008-February 2, 2009.

2009 "The Third Mind: American Artists Contemplate Asia, 1960-1989," The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York, New York. January 30-April 19, 2009.

"Medals of Dishonour," The British Museum. London, United Kingdom. June 25-September 27, 2009.

2010 "The Original Copy: Photography of Sculpture, 1839 to Today," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York. August 1-November 1, 2010.

"Masters of the Gesture," Gagosian Gallery. Los Angeles, California. October 2-November 6, 2010.

2010-2011 "Abstraction in Modern Sculpture," Baltimore Museum of Art. Baltimore, Maryland. July 21, 2010-February 20, 2011.

"Abstract Expressionist New York," The Museum of Modern Art. New York, New York. October 3, 2010-April 25, 2011.

2011 "Julio González / David Smith," Centro Julio González, Institut Valenciá d'Art Modern (IVAM). Valencia, Spain. January 20-May 1, 2011.

"Maverick Modernists: John Graham, Stuart Davis, Arshile Gorky, Willem de Kooning, and Their Circle," Santa Barbara Museum of Art. Santa Barbara, California. September 4-November 30, 2011.

 

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